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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2016

Ligation of the mesovarium in dogs with a self-locking implant of a resorbable polyglycolic based co-polymer: a study of feasibility and comparison to suture ligation

da Mota Costa, Matheus Roberto; Lacerda de Abreu Oliveira, André; Moran Ramos, Renato; Waldstein de Moura Vidal, Leonardo; Borg, Niklas; Höglund, Odd


Background Ligation of the mesovarium in female dogs may be cumbersome with risk of complications and is associated with intense noxious stimuli. A resorbable implant, a self-locking loop designed for surgery, was developed as an alternative to traditional ligation. The study aimed to test the feasibility of ligating the canine ovarian pedicle with the implant and to compare its performance to traditional suture ligation. Results In total 45 intact female dogs destined for elective ovariohysterectomy and adoption were included. In 21 dogs the new resorbable implant was used to ligate the mesovarium, and in 24 control dogs traditional suture was used with one encircling ligature. Mean weight of implant dogs was 10.7±5.6kg (range 3.5–22.0), and mean weight of control dogs was 12.8±6.4kg, (range 4.1–27.0). The body weight of dogs did not differ between groups (P=0.25). In total, 42 ovarian pedicles were successfully ligated with the implant. In one control dog, intraoperative haemorrhage from the left ovarian pedicle was diagnosed. The mesovarium was re-ligated and haemostasis was confirmed. All dogs recovered uneventfully. The ligation time of the mesovarium was significantly shortened (P=0.02) by using the self-locking implant versus a single ligature (3′28′′±1′05′′ and 5′29′′±3′54′′, respectively). Total duration of surgery differed between the groups (P=0.02) with a shortened duration of surgery when using the self-locking implant (15′56′′±2′47′′ and 20′39′′±8′58′′, study group versus control group, respectively). In both groups, duration of surgery and time required to ligate the ovarian pedicle were longer in larger dogs than smaller dogs. Conclusion The results of this feasibility study suggested the implant can be used to ligate the canine mesovarium. Compared with traditional suture ligation, the results suggested that time to ligate the ovarian pedicle and duration of surgery were significantly reduced with the implant. More time was required to perform surgeries in larger dogs.

Published in

BMC Research Notes
2016, Volume: 9, number: 245, article number: 245

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Biomaterials Science

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