- Department of Crop Production Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
The role of visual and olfactory plant cues in aphid behaviour and the development of non-persistent virus management strategies.
Schröder, M.L.; Glinwood, Robert; Ignell, Rickard; Krüger, K.
Non-persistent viruses are transmitted by aphids in short feeding probes during the initial stages of aphid host plant selection behaviour. To control the transmission of these viruses, farmers rely on pesticides and cultural control practices, with varying success rates. As a result, there is a need for novel management practices that are more robust and specific to reducing aphid landing rates in crops. Aphid-plant-virus interactions involve a number of behaviours and processes to ensure survival of the insect vector and virus. So far, virus management tactics focused on reducing immigrating aphids in crops have emphasized the manipulation of visual rather than olfactory stimuli. An improved understanding of the synergistic or additive effects in which aphids use visual and olfactory stimuli to locate host plants could be used to improve on current non-persistent virus management tactics and develop novel strategies. The aim of this review is to evaluate current understanding of aphid vector behaviour and the ways that these behaviours have been exploited to develop management strategies, and to identify areas of research needed to further improve virus management.
Aphid vector; Non-persistent plant viruses; Colour vision; Aphid olfaction; Management strategies
2017, Volume: 11, number: 1, pages: 1-13
SLU Plant Protection Network
UKÄ Subject classification
Behavioral Sciences Biology
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