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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2017

Calcium oxide as an additive for both conservation and improvement of the combustion properties of energy grass: A preliminary study

Xiong, Shaojun; Bozaghian, Marjan; Lestander, Torbjorn A.; Samuelsson, Robert; Hellqvist, Sven; Ohman, Marcus


Degradation of biomass is one of the major reasons for high costs of feedstock collection, transport, and storage, which is largely associated with biomass moisture and microbial activities. Our concept is to add calcium oxide (CaO) to the biomass already when it is collected and in its natural (wet) condition. When a suitable quantity of CaO is added to moistened biomass, an alkali microenvironment will be formed with a pH exceeding 9, based on the reaction CaO + H2O Ca(OH)(2). As a consequence, microbial activities are largely inhibited. The Ca(OH)2 will then successively react with CO2, following the reaction Ca(OH)(2) + CO2 <-> CaCO3 + H2O. The CaCO3 will reside in the feedstock throughout the entire production chain and end up as an additive/sorbent to improve combustion by decreasing slagging. Two experiments were conducted and proved the concept works for at least reed canary grass, but, as expected, the strength of the effect was dependent on the CaO dosage and initial biomass moisture. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Biomass degradation; Microbial activity; pH; Moisture; Ash; Slagging

Published in

Biomass and Bioenergy
2017, Volume: 99, pages: 1-10