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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2016

Tumour-associated macrophages influence canine mammary cancer stem-like cells enhancing their pro-angiogenic properties

Rybicka, A.; Eyileten, C.; Taciak, B.; Mucha, J.; Majchrzak, K.; Hellmen, E.; Krol, M.

Abstract

Cancer stem-like cells as cells with ability to self-renewal and potential to differentiate into various types of cells are known to be responsible for tumour initiation, recurrence and drug resistance. Hence a comprehensive research is concentrated on discovering cancer stem-like cells biology and interdependence between them and other cells. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of macrophages on cancer stem-like cells in canine mammary carcinomas. As recent studies indicated presence of macrophages in cancer environment stimulates cancer cells into more motile and invasive cells by acquisition of macrophage phenotypes. From two canine mammary tumour cell lines, CMT-U27 and P114 cancer stem-like cells were stained with Sca1, CD44 and EpCAM monoclonal antibodies and isolated. Those cells were next co-cultured with macrophages for 5 days and used for further experiments. Canine Gene Expression Microarray revealed 29 different expressed transcripts in cancer stem-like cells co-cultured with macrophages compared to those in mono-culture. Up-regulation of C-C motif chemokine 2 was considered as the most interesting for further investigation. Additionally, those cells showed overexpression of genes involved in non-canonical Wnt pathway. The results of 3D tubule formation in endothelial cells induced by cancer stem-like cells co-cultured with macrophages compared to cancer stem-like cells from mono-cultures and with addition of Recombinant Canine CCL2/MCP-1 revealed the same stimulating effect. Based on those results we can conclude that macrophages have an impact on cancer stem-like cells increasing secretion of pro-angiogenic factors.

Keywords

cancer stem-like cells; tumour-associated macrophages; monocyte chemoattractant protein-1; metastasis; macrophage; canine mammary tumour

Published in

Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
2016, Volume: 67, number: 4, pages: 491-500
Publisher: POLISH PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC