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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2017

Diversifying Food Systems in the Pursuit of Sustainable Food Production and Healthy Diets

Dwivedi, Sangam L.; van Bueren, Edith T. Lammerts; Ceccarelli, Salvatore; Grando, Stefania; Upadhyaya, Hari D.; Ortiz, Rodomiro


Increasing demand for nutritious, safe, and healthy food because of a growing population, and the pledge to maintain biodiversity and other resources, pose a major challenge to agriculture that is already threatened by a changing climate. Diverse and healthy diets, largely based on plant-derived food, may reduce diet-related illnesses. Investments in plant sciences will be necessary to design diverse cropping systems balancing productivity, sustainability, and nutritional quality. Cultivar diversity and nutritional quality are crucial. We call for better cooperation between food and medical scientists, food sector industries, breeders, and farmers to develop diversified and nutritious cultivars that reduce soil degradation and dependence on external inputs, such as fertilizers and pesticides, and to increase adaptation to climate change and resistance to emerging pests.


cultivar diversity; cooperation; climate change; food systems

Published in

Trends in Plant Science
2017, volume: 22, number: 10, pages: 842-856

Authors' information

Dwivedi, Sangam L.
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
van Bueren, Edith T. Lammerts
Louis Bolk Institute
Ceccarelli, Salvatore
Rete Semi Rurali
Grando, Stefania
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
Upadhyaya, Hari D.
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding

Associated SLU-program

SLU Network Plant Protection

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger
SDG12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
SDG13 Climate action
SDG15 Life on land

UKÄ Subject classification

Plant Biotechnology
Genetics and Breeding

Publication Identifiers


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