The solution structure of a 3′-phenazinium (Pzn) tethered DNA-RNA duplex with a dangling adenosine: r(5′G-AUUGAA3′):d(5TCAATC3′ - Pzn)
Maltseva, T.V.; Agback, Peter;
The 3'-Pzn group tethered to an oligo-DNA stabilizes a DNA-RNA hybrid duplex structure by 13 degrees C compared to the natural counterpart. This report constitutes the first full study of the conformational features of a hybrid DNA-RNA duplex, which has been possible because of the unique stabilization of this rather small duplex by the tethered 3'-Pzn moiety (T-m approximate to 40 degrees C from NMR). In this study, a total of 252 inter- and intra-strand torsional and distance constraints along with the full NOE relaxation matrix, taking into account the exchange process of imino and amino protons with water, have been used. The 3'-Pzn-promoted stabilization of the DNA-RNA hybrid duplex results in detailed local conformational characteristics such as the torsion angles of the backbone and sugar moieties that are close to the features of the other natural DNA-RNA hybrids (i.e. sugars of the RNA strand are 3'-endo, but the sugars of the DNA strand are intermediate between A- and B-forms of DNA, 72 degrees < P < 180 degrees; note however, that the sugars of our DNA strand have a C-1-exo conformation: 131 degrees < P < 154 degrees). This study suggests that 3'-Pzn-tethered smaller oligo-DNA should serve the same purpose as a larger oligo-DNA as a antisense inhibitor of the viral mRNA. Additionally, these types of tethered oligos have been found to be relatively more resistant to the cellular nuclease. Moreover, they are taken up quite readily through the cellular membrane (14) compared to the natural counterparts.
Nucleic Acids Research
1994, Volume: 22, number: 25, pages: 5590-5599
Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS UNITED KINGDOM
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