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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2005

Sequence divergence of four soilborne sugarbeet-infecting viruses

Lennefors BL, Savenkov EI, Mukasa SB, Valkonen JPT


Soilborne viruses are among the most harmful pathogens of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris) but most of them lack information on genetic variability due to paucity of sequence data. Only one isolate of Beet soil borne virus (BSBV; genus Pomovirus), Beet virus Q (BVQ; genus Pomovirus) and Beet soil borne mosaic virus (BSBMV; genus Benyvirus) has been characterised for the coat protein (CP) gene. In this study, the CP gene sequences of three isolates each of BSBV and Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV; genus Benyvirus) (France, Germany and USA), two isolates of BVQ (France and Germany), and one isolate of BSBMV (USA) were determined. Phylogenetic analyses including sequences from databanks indicated that the French BNYVV isolate of this study belongs to so-called P-type, the American isolate to A-type and the German isolate to B-type. The CP genes of the three BSBV isolates characterised in this study and the one available from databank were highly identical (98.4-99.0% at nucleotide level; one variable amino acid). The BSBMV isolate studied here differed from the previously characterised isolate for five nucleotides and four amino acids in the CP region. The two BVQ isolates characterised in this study contained three additional nucleotides resulting in an additional amino acid residue (arginine) at CP position 86, as compared to the only isolate available in databank

Published in

Virus Genes
2005, Volume: 31, number: 1, pages: 57-64
Publisher: SPRINGER

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      Agricultural Science

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