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Research article2015Peer reviewed

A cross-fostering experiment reveals that prenatal environment affects begging behaviour in a cooperative breeder

Paquet, Matthieu; Covas, Rita; Doutrelant, Claire

Abstract

Prenatal breeding conditions have broad influences on maternal allocation to reproduction which can strongly affect future begging behaviours of offspring. The social environment is part of the prenatal environment; however, its influence on maternal allocation has been poorly investigated and experimental tests linking prenatal conditions to begging behaviour have seldom been conducted. In cooperative breeders the presence of additional carers, the helpers, generally predicts an increase in provisioning during the nestling stage. Since begging is costly, in these species producing offspring that beg less in the presence of helpers may be a way of saving energy not only for the offspring but also for the future survival and reproduction of females. To date, whether mothers may manipulate begging behaviour in relation to helper presence is unstudied. We conducted a cross-fostering experiment in a cooperatively breeding bird, the sociable weaver, Philetairus socius, to disentangle the possible effects of prenatal and postnatal environments on begging behaviour. Pre- and postnatal environments correspond here to the number of carers in the nest of origin and the foster nest, respectively. As predicted, begging was influenced by the prenatal environment, with nestlings originally from larger groups begging less. In addition, chicks fed by more foster birds also begged at a lower rate. We conclude that the prenatal environment influences begging behaviour. This result has important implications for understanding cooperative breeding strategies since producing offspring that beg less with more helpers may allow energy savings for females and related offspring and helpers. (C) 2015 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

begging; birds; cross-fostering; family conflict; helping behaviour; maternal effects; parent-offspring conflicts

Published in

Animal Behaviour
2015, Volume: 102, pages: 251-258

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Evolutionary Biology
    Behavioral Sciences Biology

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.01.034

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/84902