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Research article2015Peer reviewed

The dependence of the methylation of mercury on the landfill stabilization process and implications for the landfill management

Chai, Xiaoli; Hao, Yongxia; Li, Zhonggen; Zhu, Wei; Zhao, Wentao

Abstract

Mercury species and other chemical characteristics of the leachate from anaerobic and semi-aerobic landfills were analyzed to investigate the factors that control mercury methylation during the landfill stabilization process. At the early landfill stage, the total mercury (THg) and the monomethyl mercury (MMHg) released rapidly and significantly, the THg concentration of the semi-aerobic landfill leachate was obviously higher than that of the anaerobic landfill leachate, while compared with the semi-aerobic landfill, the MMHg concentration in the anaerobic landfill was higher. As the landfill time increased, both of THg and MMHg concentration decreased quickly, the THg concentration in the anaerobic landfill was much higher than that in semi-aerobic landfill, while the MMHg concentration in the anaerobic landfill was lower than that in the semi-aerobic landfill. Generally, the concentrations of dimethyl mercury (DMHg) in the anaerobic landfill leachate were slightly higher than in the semi-aerobic landfill leachate during the stabilization process. A significant positive correlation was found between the DMHg concentrations and the pH value in anaerobic landfill leachate, but this correlation was opposite in the semi-aerobic landfill. The oxidative-reductive potential (ORP) condition was found to be the controlling factor of the methylation process during the early stage. However, the chemical characteristics, especially the TOC concentration, appeared to be the dominant factor affecting the methylation process as the landfill time increased. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Mercury species; Methylation; Landfill; Leachate

Published in

Chemosphere
2015, Volume: 119, pages: 828-834 Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Geochemistry

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.08.004

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/86101