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Research article2017Peer reviewed

The impact on global wood-product markets of increasing consumption of wood pellets within the European Union

Jonsson, Ragnar; Rinaldi, Francesca


The targets for renewable energy set by the European Union have resulted in a surge in consumption of wood pellets, and the demand is expected to further increase the next decade. We use economic modelling to assess the impact on global wood-based product markets of gradually increasing wood pellets consumption within the EU. Comparing a scenario wherein consumption is determined exclusively by market forces with one where EU consumption is set to double between 2015 and 2030, we characterize the deviation from the unregulated market equilibrium that would attain. Our results highlight the necessity of assessing market impacts over time, with a sufficient geographical disaggregation. An increased EU demand for wood pellets would, apart from increased EU production, results in increased imports. The main sources are projected to be Russia, Canada, and, particularly, the USA. The results indicate synergies and competition between wood-based products and wood pellets. In general sawmilling stand to gain from increased wood pellets' consumption, while the opposite holds for wood based panels and most paper grades. Due to the feedstock mix used in production of wood pellets and wood-based products, effects vary over time and among different EU members, as well as between EU and other regions. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Renewable energy; Biomass; Wood-based products; Wood pellets; Scenario analysis

Published in

2017, Volume: 133, pages: 864-878

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Forest Science

    Publication identifier


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