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Research article1995Peer reviewed

Integrated studies of the effects of liming acidified waters (ISELAW-programme)

Appelberg, M; Lingdell, PE; Andren, C


To assess the long-term (>15 years) effects of liming, an integrated programme for studies of the effects of liming in acidified waters (ISELAW) was initiated in 1989. At present, 14 lakes and 14 streams are included in the programme. Although on average of 14 years have passed since the first lime treatment, and the chemical goal of liming have been achieved in all lakes, i.e. to raise pH over 6.0 and alkalinity over 0.1 meg 1-1, changes in biota could still be observed in several of the lakes. Species richness and species diversity was in general not different in the limed lakes as compared to circumneutral reference lakes, although the composition of the fauna did not resembled that of neutral lakes. Among zooplankton, rotifers were still mom abundant than expected in limed lakes. The fish communities appeared unstable and the species proportions as well as population structures are changing, partly as a result of re-colonisation of acid-sensitive species after liming. The results indicate that the long-term changes may persist for more than 15 years after liming and emphasise the importance of comparable time series in non-limed lakes.


acidification; liming; integrated studies; community; ecosystem; long-term studies

Published in

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
1995, Volume: 85, number: 2, pages: 883-888

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