Retrospective Analysis of Post-Mortem Findings in 1,444 Aged Donkeys
Morrow, L. D.; Smith, K. C.; Piercy, R. J.; du Toit, N.; Burden, F. A.; Olmos, G.; Gregory, N. G.; Verheyen, K. L. P.
The aim of this study was to describe and report the prevalence of conditions found at necropsy examination of UK donkeys. Records from 1,444 donkeys over a 7-year period were included in the analysis. Sixty-one categories of post-mortem finding were identified from 9,744 observations. The four most prevalent conditions noted were dental disorder (78.7%), vascular disease other than aneurysm (60.9%), arthritis (55.4%) and foot disorder (44.8%). Gastric ulceration was found in 42% of the donkeys and gastrointestinal impaction in 18.6%. The most frequent combination of two post-mortem findings in the same animal was arthritis and dental disorder. The most common disorders were associated with age, body weight and/or body condition post mortem and, for some disorders, gender. For many of the post-mortem findings, crude associations were found between the presence of one finding and the odds of also having certain other post-mortem findings. This study is the first to summarize all conditions noted at necropsy examination for a large group of donkeys. The findings increase knowledge of diseases and conditions of this species and may be useful when investigating the relevance of various pathological conditions in the live animal. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
donkey; necropsy examination; pathology
Journal of Comparative Pathology
2011, Volume: 144, number: 2-3, pages: 145-156
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
UKÄ Subject classification
Animal and Dairy Science
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