- Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Total and differential leukocyte counts, N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase activity and serum albumin content in foremilk and residual milk during an endotoxin induced mastitis in cows
Foremilk, residual milk, and blood samples were studied for 10 days during acute mastitis episodes induced by endotoxin infused via the teat canal. Quarter milk and blood samples were collected frequently for 3 days after the infusion and thereafter once or twice daily. Leukocyte concentration in milk and blood was determined by flow cytometry. Within 2 hours after infusion of the endotoxin, clinical mastitis was observed. Total leukocyte concentration and proportion of neutrophils increased significantly (P < 0.05) by postinfusion hour (PIH) 2 in foremilk and by PIH 4 in residual milk. From PIH 2, serum albumin content and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase activity were significantly increased in both fractions. Neutrophils were the predominant leukocyte population in both fractions until PIH 59. From PIH 72, lymphocytes were the predominant cell population until PIH 175 in foremilk and until PIH 223 in residual milk. Serum albumin content and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase activity in residual milk was significantly lower than in foremilk from PIH 4 to 24 and from PIH 24 to 59, respectively. Regarding total and differential leukocyte counts, values for the 2 fractions followed the same pattern throughout the course of inflammation, probably owing to frequent sample collection. Total and differential cell counts tended to differ between the fractions during some periods, although differences were not statistically significant. When samples were taken less frequently, the total leukocyte concentration in residual milk was higher than that in foremilk. Although sample collections were frequent, clustering of immature neutrophils was not observed in the cytofluorogram of blood leukocytes in this study.
American Journal of Veterinary Research
1993, Volume: 54, number: 2, pages: 231-238
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