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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2003

The catalytic module of Cel7D from Phanerochaete chrysosporium as a chiral selector: structural studies of its complex with the beta blocker (R)-propranolol

Munoz IG, Mowbray SL, Stahlberg J

Abstract

Previous investigations have shown that the major cellobiohydrolase of Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Cel7D (CBH 58), can be used to separate the enantiomers of a number of drugs, including adrenergic beta blockers such as propranolol. The structural basis of this enantioselectivity is explored here. A 1.5 Angstrom X-ray structure of the catalytic domain of Cel7D in complex with (R)-propranolol showed the ligand bound at the active site in glucosyl-binding subsites. -1/+1. The catalytic residue Glu207 makes a strong charge-charge interaction with the secondary amine of (R)-propranolol; this is supported by a second interaction of the amine with the nearby Asp209. The aromatic naphthyl group stacks onto the indole ring of Trp373 (normally the glucosyl-binding platform of subsite +1). Other factors also contribute to good complementarity between the ligand and the substrate-binding cleft of the enzyme. Comparison with the previous structure of a related cellulase, Cel7A from Trichoderma reesei, in complex with (S)-propranolol strongly suggests that these enzymes will bind the (S)-enantiomer in a very similar manner, distinct from their mode of binding to (R)-propranolol. Tighter binding of both enzymes to the (S)-enantiomer is largely explained by two additional hydrogen-bonding interactions with its hydroxyl group. The distinct preference for the (R)-enantiomer is probably a consequence of structural differences near the naphthyl group of the ligand

Published in

Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography
2003, Volume: 59, pages: 637-643
Publisher: BLACKWELL MUNKSGAARD

      SLU Authors

    • Ståhlberg, Jerry

      • Department of Molecular Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Mowbray, Sherry

        • Department of Molecular Biosciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
      Forest Science
      Renewable Bioenergy Research

      Publication identifier

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0907444903001938

      Permanent link to this page (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/887