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Research article2014Peer reviewedOpen access

Cytochrome P450-catalyzed dealkylation of atrazine by Rhodococcus sp strain N186/21 involves hydrogen atom transfer rather than single electron transfer

Meyer, Armin H.; Dybala-Defratyka, Agnieszka; Alaimo, Peter J.; Geronimo, Inacrist; Sanchez, Ariana D.; Cramer, Christopher J.; Elsner, Martin


Cytochrome P450 enzymes are responsible for a multitude of natural transformation reactions. For oxidative N-deatkylation, single electron (SET) and hydrogen atom abstraction (HAT) have been debated as underlying mechanisms. Combined evidence from (i) product distribution and (ii) isotope effects indicate that HAT, rather than SET, initiates N-dealkylation of atrazine to desethyl- and desisopropytatrazine by the microorganism Rhodococcus sp. strain NI86/21. (i) Product analysis revealed a non-selective oxidation at both the ecC and pC-atom of the alkyl chain, which is expected for a radical reaction, but not SET. (ii) Normal C-13 and N-15 as well as pronounced H-2 isotope effects (epsilon(carbon): -4.0 parts per thousand +/- 0.2%.: epsilon(nitrogen) , -1.4 parts per thousand +/- 0.3 parts per thousand KIEH: 3.6 +/- 0.8) agree qualitatively with calculated values for HAT, whereas inverse C-13 and N-15 isotope effects are predicted for SET. Analogous results are observed with the Fe(IV)=O model system [5,10,15,20-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyOporphyrin-iron(m)-chloride + NaIO4), but not with permanganate. These results emphasize the relevance of the HAT mechanism for N-dealkylation by P450.

Published in

Dalton Transactions
2014, Volume: 43, number: 32, pages: 12175-12186

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Theoretical Chemistry
    Environmental Sciences

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