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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2017

Spatial patterns and broad-scale weather cues of beech mast seeding in Europe

Vacchiano, Giorgio; Hacket-Pain, Andrew; Turco, Marco; Motta, Renzo; Maringer, Janet; Conedera, Marco; Drobyshev, Igor; Ascoli, Davide


Mast seeding is a crucial population process in many tree species, but its spatio-temporal patterns and drivers at the continental scale remain unknown.Using a large dataset (8000 masting observations across Europe for years 1950-2014) we analysed the spatial pattern of masting across the entire geographical range of European beech, how it is influenced by precipitation, temperature and drought, and the temporal and spatial stability of masting-weather correlations.Beech masting exhibited a general distance-dependent synchronicity and a pattern structured in three broad geographical groups consistent with continental climate regimes. Spearman's correlations and logistic regression revealed a general pattern of beech masting correlating negatively with temperature in the summer 2 yr before masting, and positively with summer temperature 1 yr before masting (i.e. 2T model). The temperature difference between the two previous summers (DeltaT model) was also a good predictor. Moving correlation analysis applied to the longest eight chronologies (74-114 yr) revealed stable correlations between temperature and masting, confirming consistency in weather cues across space and time.These results confirm widespread dependency of masting on temperature and lend robustness to the attempts to reconstruct and predict mast years using temperature data.


Fagus sylvatica (beech); mast seeding; Moran effect; population ecology; seed production; synchronisation; weather cues

Published in

New Phytologist
2017, volume: 215, number: 2, pages: 595-608
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Vacchiano, Giorgio
University of Turin
Hacket‐Pain, Andrew
University of Oxford
Turco, Marco
University of Barcelona
Motta, Renzo
University of Turin
Maringer, Janet
University of Stuttgart
Conedera, Marco
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT)
Ascoli, Davide
University of Naples Federico II

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG13 Climate action

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

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