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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2017

Bovine leptospirosis in urban and peri-urban dairy farming in low-income countries: a "One Health" issue?

Rajala, Elisabeth Lindahl; Sattorov, Nosirjon; Boqvist, Sofia; Magnusson, Ulf

Abstract

Global trends in urbanization are increasing the spread of neglected zoonotic infections such as leptospirosis, and reducing the number of human cases of leptospirosis is best accomplished by controlling the infection in the animal reservoir. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo and L. interrogans serovar Hardjo (L Hardjo) exposure and to assess the associated risk factors for infection in small-scale dairy farming in the urban and peri-urban area of Dushanbe, Tajikistan. The true individual seroprevalence among the dairy cows was 13%, and the level of seroprevalence was positively associated with older cows and with communal grazing practices. The study shows that dairy cows are commonly exposed to L. Hardjo in the study region, and this constitutes a public health risk and demonstrates the importance of including urban and peri-urban areas, where large numbers of humans and animals coexist, when investigating zoonotic infections and when planning and implementing control measures for cattle-associated leptospirosis.

Keywords

Central Asia; Dairy cow; Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo; Leptospira interrogans serovar Hardjo; Peri-urban; Tajikistan; Urban; Zoonotic disease

Published in

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
2017, volume: 59, article number: 83
Publisher: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD

Authors' information

Lindahl Rajala, Elisabeth (Rajala, Elisabeth)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
Sattorov, Nosirjon
Tajik Agrarian University Shirinsho Shotemur
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG11 Sustainable cities and communities
SDG3 Good health and well-being

UKÄ Subject classification

Clinical Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0352-6

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/93292