- Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Zheng, Yue; Wang, Shizhi; Yan, Peishi
Objective: This study compared the meat quality, muscle fiber characteristics, and fatty acids between Jinjiang yellow cattle (JJ) and F1 SimmentalxJinjiang yellow cattle (SJ) which were offered the same diet.Methods: Six JJ and six SJ individuals were reared and fattened from 10 to 26 months of age. After feeding, the highrib (HR), ribeye (RB), and tenderloin (TL) samples were taken from the carcass for meat quality evaluations.Results: The results showed that growth performance of SJ was higher than that of JJ (higher live weight and average daily gain), and the hot carcass weight of SJ was higher than that of JJ (p<0.05). pH of JJ was higher than that of SJ in TL (p<0.05); the color of a(star) of SJ was higher than that of JJ in TL and RB (p<0.05); the cooking loss of SJ was significantly lower than that of JJ in TL and RB (p<0.05); the shear force value was significantly lower in SJ compared to JJ (p<0.05); the muscle fiber diameter was higher and the fiber density was lower in SJ compared to JJ in HR and TL (p<0.05); compared to SJ, the muscles of JJ had higher saturated fatty acid (SFA) composition; the sum of monounsaturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) were lower in the muscle of JJ; the mRNA expressions of myosin heavy chain-I (MyHC-I) and MyHC-IIa were higher in SJ compared to JJ in muscle of HR and RB; the mRNA expressions of MyHC-IIx and MyHC-IIb were lower in SJ compared to JJ in HR and RB (p<0.05).Conclusion: Meat quality and fatty acid profile differed between SJ and JJ; the muscle of SJ had higher a(star) and SFA; SJ had lower cooking loss, shear force and PUFA compared to the muscle of JJ. In addition, the type and development characteristics of the muscle fiber had some difference between SJ and JJ; these might be factors which caused the differences in meat quality and fatty acid profile between SJ and JJ.
Fatty Acid; Muscle Fiber Development; Meat Quality; Jinjiang Yellow Cattle; F1 SimmentalxJinjiang Yellow Cattle
Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences
2018, Volume: 31, number: 2, pages: 301-308
Publisher: ASIAN-AUSTRALASIAN ASSOC ANIMAL PRODUCTION SOC
Animal and Dairy Science