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Research article2006Peer reviewed

Isolation and identification of Taylorella asinigenitalis from the genital tract of a stallion, first case of a natural infection

Baverud V, Nystrom C, Johansson KE

Abstract

Contagious equine metritis (CEM), caused by Taylorella equigenitalis, is a widely known highly contagious genital equine disease that is transmitted venereally. A new bacterium, Taylorella asinigenitalis resembling T. equigenitalis was recently isolated from three American donkey jacks, at routine testing for CEM. The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize a strain of Taylorella sp. from the genital tract of a stallion. Swab samples for culture of T. equigenitalis were taken from urethral fossa, urethra and penile sheath of a 3-year-old stallion of the Ardennes breed when it was routinely tested for CEM. A small Gram-negative rod was isolated, but the colony appearance, the slow growth rate and the results in the API ZYM test differed slightly from those of T. equigenitalis. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was therefore performed and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the sequence of the strain Bd 3751/05 represents T. asinigenitalis and that the strain is identical with the Californian asinine strain UCD-1(T) (ATCC 700933(T)). The T. asinigenitalis strain had a low MIC of gentamicin (MIC <= 1 mu g/ml) but a high MIC of streptomycin (MIC > 16 mu g/ml). Taylorella asinigenitalis has thus for the first time been isolated from the genital tract of a stallion with a natural infection. To determine the pathogenicity of T. asinigenitalis it will be important to conduct further experimental studies. Sequence analysis of 16S rRNA genes was shown to be a reliable tool for differentiation of T. asinigenitalis from T. equigenitalis as well as for identification of these species. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved

Keywords

Contagious equine metritis; Diagnostics; Horse; Phyllogeny; Taylorella asinigenitalis; Taylorella equigenitalis; 16S rRNA sequencing

Published in

Veterinary Microbiology
2006, Volume: 116, number: 4, pages: 294-300 Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Veterinary Science
    Animal and Dairy Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.04.027

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/9355