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Research article2003Peer reviewed

Potential of Salix as phytoextractor for Cd on moderately contaminated soils

Klang-Westin E, Eriksson J


Biomass production and Cd uptake in Salix (willow) is generally high. The aim of this study was to quantify the amounts of Cd in different plant and soil compartments in commercial Salix stands grown on different soil types and to use these data for estimation of the long-term effects of Cd removal by Salix at stem harvest on the soil Cd content by calculating Cd balances. Ten commercial short rotation willow coppice stands, planted with clone 78183 of Salix viminalis (L.) were investigated in order to include three different soil types with respect to pH. Stands with high stem biomass production generally had lower Cd concentrations in the plant and grew on more alkaline soils with low Cd availability when compared to stands with low stem biomass production. The highest output of Cd by Salix is therefore not necessarily achieved by stands with the highest yields or the highest Cd concentrations, as both these parameters have to be considered. The net removal of Cd from the plough layer by the Salix crop under different conditions varied between 2.6 and 16.5 g Cd ha(-1) year(-1). The long-term effects of Salix cultivation on soil Cd content, i.e. after 6-7 cutting cycles (25 years), were calculated and we reached the conclusion that there is a high potential in Salix to remove significant amounts of Cd at stem harvest. Salix can therefore presumably be used to counteract Cd pollution of agricultural soils in Sweden provided that the Cd in furnace ashes is taken care of

Published in

Plant and Soil
2003, Volume: 249, number: 1, pages: 127-137

      SLU Authors

    • Eriksson, Jan

      • Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

    Publication identifier


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