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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2018

Status assessment of agricultural drainage ditches

Aviles, D.; Wesstrom, I.; Joel, A.

Abstract

Poor maintenance, environmental concerns, land use changes, and adaptation to climate change are creating a growing need for better agricultural drainage. The objectives of this study were to identify ditch properties that can be evaluated visually on-site and related soil erosion processes, and to define parameters requiring more intensive study and estimate these using simplified methods. The study included surveys of ditches in various soils using MADRAS (Minnesota Agricultural Ditch Research Assessment for Stability) to classify ditch status. To explain why some ditch segments were in poor condition, additional field and laboratory studies were carried out. Soil samples were taken for analysis of particle size distribution, unsaturated direct shear strength, and critical stress for erosion. The HEC-RAS data model was used for simulation of hydraulic forces acting at different flow rates. Digital maps of land use in the catchment area in different years were used to estimate changes in runoff conditions over time. MADRAS proved to be a suitable tool for rapid assessment of stability problems in ditches. The HEC-RAS simulations were a good complement to MADRAS in assessing how changes in land use affected the hydraulic load and in highlighting bottlenecks in the system. However, the hydraulic load did not adequately explain the degree of degradation in some ditch segments. Measurements of soil shear strength were a good aid to understanding existing degradation. Thus, assessment of soil erodibility and bank stability is essential in anticipating the risk of future erosion processes in ditches.

Keywords

Cohesive strength meter; HEC-RAS; MADRAS; Unsaturated direct shear strength

Published in

Transactions of the Asabe
2018, volume: 61, number: 1, pages: 263-271

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land
SDG13 Climate action
SDG2 Zero hunger

UKÄ Subject classification

Soil Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.13031/trans.12307

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/93909