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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2003

Assessment of antibody avidity in aborting cattle by a somatic Neospora caninum tachyzoite antigen IgG avidity ELISA

Sager H, Gloor M, Bjorkman C, Kritzner S, Gottstein B


A Neospora caninum IgG avidity ELISA was carried out on the basis of a somatic N. caninum tachyzoite antigen. The test was validated using experimentally infected calves, where a clear maturation of the IgG avidity over time could be demonstrated. At a maximum of 82 days after infection (d.p.i.), all animals showed antibody avidities ranging above 35%, and respective sera were thus defined as highly avid. Sera of 103 naturally infected seropositive cows with abortion (N. caninum association was provided by a N. caninum PCR-positivity of the fetus in 40 cases) and 139 seropositive animals without abortion history were concurrently examined. Significantly lower avidities were observed in aborting cows when compared to animals without abortion problems (P < 0.01). While the avidity of sera collected before abortion remained practically constant until abortion, a significant increase of avidity could be observed in samples collected weeks to months after abortion (P < 0.01). The avidities of non-aborting animals from farms with or without abortion problems did not differ significantly with time and were mainly located in the high avidity area. These data indicate that low avidities are not necessarily linked to recent N. caninum infection but can also be an indicator for increased abortion risk in cattle. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved

Published in

Veterinary Parasitology
2003, Volume: 112, number: 1-2, pages: 1-10

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