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Research article2012Peer reviewed

Surface charge at Teflon/aqueous solution of potassium chloride interfaces

Preocanin, Tajana; Selmani, Atida; Lindqvist-Reis, Patric; Heberling, Frank; Kallay, Nikola; Luetzenkirchen, Johannes


The effect of potassium chloride and pH on the interfacial water layer around Teflon particles and flat Teflon surfaces was investigated. Electrokinetic measurements and potentiometric titrations were carried out as well as contact angle measurements for some selected pH values. The electrokinetic measurements at flat Teflon plates in contact with potassium chloride aqueous solution shows that the isoelectric point is at pH(iep) approximate to 3.7. The electrokinetic potential of Teflon depends on ionic strength. Potentiometric mass titrations of Teflon suspensions in different concentrations of potassium chloride show that the point of zero charge lies in the same pH region (pH(pzc) approximate to 3.5) as the pH(iep). A minimum of the contact angle was observed in the acidic region, at pH approximate to 3, close to the pH(pzc) and pH(iep). Interestingly, the calculated surface charge densities were found to be independent of the electrolyte concentration.As a possible and widely brought forward explanation it is suggested that the concentrations of OH- and H+ ions within the interfacial water layer depend on pH and are not equal. All findings together support the hypothesis that the interfacial water layer around Teflon is the origin of the interfacial charge. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Hydrophobic surfaces; Teflon; Mass titration; Acid-base properties; Surface charge; Zeta potential; Contact angle

Published in

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
2012, Volume: 412, pages: 120-128

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Physical Chemistry

    Publication identifier


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