Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2018

Using SWAT-LUD Model to Estimate the Influence of Water Exchange and Shallow Aquifer Denitrification on Water and Nitrate Flux

Sun, Xiaoling; Bernard-Jannin, Leonard; Grusson, Youen; Sauvage, Sabine; Arnold, Jeffrey; Srinivasan, Raghavan; Perez, Jose Miguel Sanchez


Numerous studies have pointed out the importance of groundwater and surface water interaction (SW-GW) in a river system. However; those functions have rarely been considered in large scale hydrological models. The SWAT-LUD model has been developed based on the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model; and it integrates a new type of subbasin; which is called subbasin-LU (SL); to represent the floodplain area. New modules representing SW-GW exchanges and shallow aquifer denitrification are developed in the SWAT-LUD model. In this study; the SWAT-LUD model was applied to the middle floodplain area of the Garonne catchment in France. The results showed that the SWAT-LUD model could represent the SW-GW exchange and shallow aquifer denitrification appropriately. An annual 44.1 x 10(7) m(3) of water flowed into the river from the study area; but the annual exchanged water volume was 6.4 x 10(7) m(3); which represented just 1% of the river discharge. A total of 384 tons of N-NO3- (0.023 t-ha(-1)) was consumed by denitrification in the floodplain shallow aquifer annually. The nitrate concentration (N-NO3-) decrease in the channel was 0.12 mg.L-1; but in the shallow aquifer it reached 11.40 mg-L-1; 8.05 mg.L-1; and 5.41 mg.L-1 in LU1; LU2; and LU3; respectively. Our study reveals that; in the Garonne floodplain; denitrification plays a significant role in the attenuation of nitrate associated with groundwater; but the impacts of denitrification on nitrate associated with river water is much less significant.


SWAT-LUD model; water exchange; denitrification; floodplain aquifer; Garonne River

Published in

2018, Volume: 10, number: 4, article number: 528
Publisher: MDPI

      SLU Authors

    • Grusson, Youen

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources

    Publication Identifiers


    Permanent link to this page (URI)