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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2018

Allelopathic effect of organic mulches on vegetable germination and early development

Jodaugiene, Darija; Sinkevicienel, Ausra; Pupaliene, Rita; Ninkovic, Velemir; Kriauciuniene, Zita

Abstract

Plants, as well as their residues (mulches), release physiologically active substances (allelochemicals), which may affect plant germination, development, and productivity. In this study we investigated the allelopathic effects of aqueous extracts of organic mulches (winter wheat straw, peat, sawdust, and gramineous grass) at different concentrations on germination and early growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L.), carrot (Daucus sativus Rohl.), and lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). It was found, that the strongest negative effect on the germination and shoot and root development of investigated vegetables was with the highest concentration (1 : 10) of the grass aqueous extract. Peat mulch aqueous extracts had the least negative impact on all vegetable seed germination. Straw and peat mulches stimulated the early growth of R. sativus shoots, but there was a negative affect on D. sativus shoot development. The aqueous extracts of various organic mulches had negative effects on R. sativus, while mostly positive effects found on L. sativa root development.

Keywords

organic mulches; allelopathy; seed germination; shoot and root length

Published in

Acta Scientiarum Polonorum-Hortorum Cultus
2018, volume: 17, number: 3, pages: 73-82
Publisher: WYDAWNICTWO AKAD ROLNICZEJ W LUBLINIE

Authors' information

Jodaugiene, Darija
Aleksandras Stulginskis University
Sinkevicienel, Ausra
Aleksandras Stulginskis University
Pupaliene, Rita
Aleksandras Stulginskis University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Kriauciuniene, Zita
Aleksandras Stulginskis University

Associated SLU-program

SLU Network Plant Protection

UKÄ Subject classification

Agricultural Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2018.3.7

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/96002