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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2006

Reproductive characteristics of female wolverines (gulo gulo) in Scandinavia

Persson, Jens; Segerström, Peter; Landa, Arild; Andersen, Roy


We studied reproduction of 56 female wolverines (Gulo gulo) in 2 areas of northern Scandinavia. Minimum average age at 1st reproduction was 3.4 years. Mean proportion of females (??3 years old) reproducing was 0.53 (95% confidence interval [CI] ¼ 0.43–0.63, n ¼ 94), and the annual mean was 0.58 (95% CI ¼ 0.35–0.80, n ¼ 83). Mean annual birth rate was 0.74 (95% CI ¼ 0.33–1.14, n ¼ 83) young per female (?? 3 years old). Mean size of 74 litters was 1.88 (95% CI ¼ 1.68–2.07, range ¼ 1–4). Examination of our data suggests that female wolverines have low productivity and low capacity to compensate for increased mortality. Therefore, wildlife managers should consider wolverine demographics, especially mortality of adult female wolverines, when developing and implementing conservation policies and harvest regulations


birth rate; carnivore; gulo gulo; litter size; mustelid; recruitment; reproduction; Scandinavia; wolverine

Published in

Journal of Mammalogy
2006, Volume: 87, number: 1, pages: 75-79
Publisher: American Society of Mammalogists

    SLU Authors

    • Persson, Jens

      • Department of Conservation Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Segerström, Peter

        • Department of Conservation Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

      Permanent link to this page (URI)