Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019

The trade effect of private standards

Andersson, Anna


Recent changes in the agrifood sector have fuelled the use of private food standards. These standards are voluntary and generally serve as a risk management tool. This paper presents an analysis of the relationship between private food standards and trade. Specifically, we analyse the effect of certification to GlobalGAP on EU15 imports of fresh fruits and vegetables at product level using a gravity-type model with fixed effects. We find that certification to GlobalGAP has a positive effect on both the extensive and the intensive margin of trade.


GlobalGAP; trade; private standards; extensive margin; intensive margin

Published in

European Review of Agricultural Economics
2019, volume: 46, number: 2, article number: jby027

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science
Other Agricultural Sciences not elsewhere specified

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)