Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)

Research article2018Peer reviewed

Environmental consumption taxes on animal food products to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from the European Union

Jansson, Torbjorn; Sall, Sarah


Livestock cause around 10% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the European Union. Despite the large quantities, no economic policy is in place to reduce emissions from the sector. In this paper, we introduce consumption taxes on animal products in the European Union to reduce GHG emissions. Impacts are simulated using the CAPRI model, which was created to analyze the impacts of agricultural policy reforms within the EU. Tax levels of 16, 60 and 290 Euro per ton of GHG emissions are used in the estimations.Our results show that consumption taxes have small mitigation effects, up to 4.9% of total agricultural emissions from the EU-27, mainly due to inelastic demand. The main source of reductions is beef and France is the country where most reductions would take place, given high levels of production and consumption in the country, combined with a large demand elasticity of beef.


Climate change; agricultural greenhouse gas emissions; emission leakage; environmental taxes; mathematical modelling

Published in

Climate Change Economics
2018, Volume: 9, number: 4, article number: 1850009

      SLU Authors

    • Sustainable Development Goals

      SDG2 Zero hunger
      SDG12 Responsible consumption and production
      SDG13 Climate action

      UKÄ Subject classification


      Publication identifier


      Permanent link to this page (URI)