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Research article2019Peer reviewedOpen access

Time series analysis reveals synchrony and asynchrony between conflict management effort and increasing large grazing bird populations in northern Europe

Cusack, Jeremy J.; Madsen, Jesper; Tulloch, Ayesha; Hearn, Richard D.; Redpath, Steve; Bunnefeld, Nils; Duthie, A. Brad; Rakotonarivo, O. Sarobidy; Pozo, Rocio A.; Mason, Tom H. E.; Mansson, Johan; Nilsson, Lovisa; Tombre, Ingunn M.; Eythorsson, Einar


The management of conflicts between wildlife conservation and agricultural practices often involves the implementation of strategies aimed at reducing the cost of wildlife impacts on crops. Vital to the success of these strategies is the perception that changes in management efforts are synchronized relative to changes in impact levels, yet this expectation is never evaluated. We assess the level of synchrony between time series of population counts and management effort in the context of conflicts between agriculture and five populations of large grazing birds in northern Europe. We reveal inconsistent patterns of synchrony and asynchrony between changes in population counts and impact management effort relating to population harvesting, monetary payments, or scaring practices. This variation is likely due to differing management aims, the existence of lags between management decisions and population monitoring, and the inconsistent use of predictive models across case studies. Overall, our findings highlight the need for more adaptive and timely responses of management to changes in target species numbers so as not to unexpectedly increase social conflicts and jeopardize the status of wildlife populations.


compensation; conflict; crane; goose; harvest; management; population count; scaring; time series

Published in

Conservation Letters
2019, Volume: 12, number: 1, article number: UNSP e12450

      SLU Authors

        • Redpath, Stephen

        Associated SLU-program

        Wildlife Damage Centre
        SLU Plant Protection Network

        UKÄ Subject classification

        Fish and Wildlife Management

        Publication identifier


        Permanent link to this page (URI)