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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2006

Targeted selective treatment of lungworm infection in an organic dairy herd in Sweden

Hoglund, J


The effect of targeted selective anthelmintic treatment on the seroprevalence of the lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus in cattle was investigated. The study was commenced on an organic dairy enterprise in Sweden in November 1998 after the observation of an outbreak dictyocaulosis in the herd, and then continued for almost 3 years. The first year sampling was conducted on a monthly basis and then biannually with the exception of between August and November 2000 when sampling was performed monthly following a second outbreak of dictyocaulosis. Throughout the study, blood samples were examined for specific IgG(1) levels from all animals in the herd that had been grazing for more than 3 months. At the first sampling occasion, 13% out of the 90 blood samples were seropositive. One month later, after targeted selective treatment with eprinomectin (Eprinex (R), Merial), the whole herd was seronegative. Seroprevalence then gradually increased and 1 year later it returned to levels similar to those observed at the start of the study. At turnout in April 2000, seroprevalence was 1.3% but it then rapidly increased to 28% and 30% in August and September, respectively. This increase was mainly due to an increase in FSG animals of which many were coughing. Consequently, all seropositive animals were injected with ivermectin (Ivomec (R), Merial) at 0.05 mg/kg body weight in late August 2000. Although all animals recovered, seroprevalence was only reduced to 12% 1 month later. The differences in seroprevalence after both of these anthelmintic treatments were probably attributed to the timing. The first deworming with eprinomectin was conducted in November when the infection already was transient, whereas ivermectin in connection with the second outbreak was injected in a more acute phase of the infection cycle. Infection levels in 2001 were low with seroprevalences of 2.3% and 5.6% in May and September, respectively. These results show that dictyocaulosis in Sweden can be effectively controlled by the use of macrocyclic lactones. However, the infection was not eradicated from the herd despite close monitoring of the seroprevalence and targeted selective treatment of every seropositive animal on two occasions. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Published in

Veterinary Parasitology
2006, volume: 138, number: 3-4, pages: 318-327

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UKÄ Subject classification

Veterinary Science
Animal and Dairy Science

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