Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019
Insights on the reactivity of chondroitin and hyaluronan toward 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl etherWende, Frida J.; Gohil, Suresh; Nord, Lars I.; Karlsson, Anders; Kenne, Anne Helander; Sandstrom, Corine
AbstractHyaluronic acid (HA) cross-linked with 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether (BDDE) are hydrogels with many biomedical applications. Degree of substitution, cross-linking and substitution position of the cross-linker might influence the properties of the hydrogels. We showed earlier that the most common substitution position of the cross-linker on the hyaluronan chain was the 4-hydroxyl of N-acetylglucosamine. This result has led us to investigate unsulfated chondroitin (CN) which only differ from HA in the primary structure by the configuration at C4 of the aminoglycan. In the present study, we have investigated (i) the substitution positions of the cross-linker in CN using NMR and LC-MS and compared the results to the data obtained for HA (ii) the effect of alkali on the C-13 and H-1 chemical shifts in CN and HA (iii) the temperature coefficients and chemical shifts of hydroxyl protons in CN and HA. In CN, the 2-hydroxyl of glucuronic acid and 6-hydroxyl of N-acetylgalactosamine were found to be the major sites of substitution by BDDE. Moreover, while chondroitinase was not able to cleave HA tetrasaccharide substituted at the 4-hydroxyl GIcNAc reducing end by BDDE, it is able to degrade CN-BDDE down to disaccharide units. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordsChondroitin; Hyaluronic acid; Cross-linker; NMR; LC-MS
Published inInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
2019, volume: 131, pages: 812-820
Nord, Lars I.
Helander Kenne, Anne
UKÄ Subject classification
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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