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Research article2019Peer reviewedOpen access

High level of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli in young dairy calves in southern Vietnam

Bui Phan Thu Hang; Wredle, Ewa; Borjesson, Stefan; Sjaunja, Kerstin Svennersten; Dicksved, Johan; Duse, Anna


This study investigated the occurrence of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli in dairy calves in southern Vietnam. Fecal samples were taken directly from the rectum of 84 calves from 41 smallholder dairy farms, when newborn and at 14days of age for isolation of E. coli. Escherichia coli strains were isolated from 144 of the 168 fecal samples tested. Of the 144 E. coli isolates, 40% were found to be susceptible to all 12 antimicrobial drugs tested and 53% of the E. coli isolates were resistant to at least three antimicrobials. Calves were colonized with antimicrobial-resistant E. coli already on the day of birth. Resistance to tetracycline was most common, followed by resistance to sulfamethoxazole, ampicillin, trimethoprim, and ciprofloxacin. Four isolates carried a gene encoding for extended-spectrum cephalosporinases (ESC), and these genes belonged to bla(CTX-M) group 1 (2 isolates), bla(CTX-M) group 9 (1 isolate), and bla(CMY-2) (1 isolate). Thirty-three isolates had a plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) phenotype, and 30 of these carried the qnrS gene. These results are of importance for management routines of dairy cattle to prevent the spread of antimicrobial resistance.


Antimicrobial resistance; Extended-spectrum cephalosporinases; Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance

Published in

Tropical Animal Health and Production
2019, Volume: 51, number: 6, pages: 1405-1411