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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019

Conducting groundwater monitoring studies in Europe for pesticide active substances and their metabolites in the context of Regulation (EC) 1107/2009

Gimsing, Anne Louise; Koenig, Wolfram; Kreuger, Jenny; van der Linden, Ton; Liss, Dirk; Loiseau, Ludovic; Massey, Andy; Miles, Benedict; Monrozies, Laurent; Newcombe, Andy; Poot, Anton; Agert, Jutta; Reeves, Graham L.; Reichenberger, Stefan; Rosenbom, Annette E.; Staudenmaier, Horst; Sur, Robin; Schwen, Andreas; Stemmer, Michael; Tueting, Wiebke; Ulrich, Uta; Baran, Nicole; Boivin, Arnaud; Ferrari, Federico; Gibson, Richard; Hammond, Lisa; Hegler, Florian; Jones, Russell L.
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Groundwater monitoring is recommended as a higher-tier option in the regulatory groundwater assessment of crop protection products in the European Union. However, to date little guidance has been provided on the study designs. The SETAC EMAG-Pest GW group (a mixture of regulatory, academic, and industry scientists) was created in 2015 to establish scientific recommendations for conducting such studies. This report provides recommendations for study designs and study procedures made by the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Environmental Monitoring Advisory Group on Pesticides (EMAG-Pest). Because of the need to assess the vulnerability to leaching in both site selection and extrapolating study results, information on assessing vulnerability to leaching is also a major topic in this report. The design of groundwater monitoring studies must consider to which groundwater the groundwater quality standard is applicable and the associated spatial and temporal aspects of its application, the objective of the study, the properties of the active substance and its metabolites, and site characteristics. This limits the applicability of standardised study designs. The effect of the choice of groundwater to which the water quality guideline is applied on study design is illustrated and examples of actual study designs are presented.


Groundwater; Monitoring; Pesticides; Vulnerability assessments

Published in

Journal of consumer protection and food safety
2019, volume: 14, number: Vol. 14 Suppl. 1, pages: 1-93
Publisher: Springer Nature

Authors' information

Gimsing, Ann Louise
Danish Environmental Protection Agency
Agert, Jutta
Bayer CropScience AG
Baran, Nicole
The French Geological Survey (BRGM)
Boivin, Arnaud
French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES)
Ferrari, Federico
Gibson, Richard
Health and Safety Executive
Hammond, Lisa
Health and Safety Executive
Hegler, Florian
knoell Germany GmbH
Jones, Russel L.
Bayer Cropscience
König, Wolfram
German Federal Environmental Agency (UBA)
Kreuger, Jenny
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
van der Linden, Ton
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
Liss, Dirk
SGS Institut Fresenius GmbH
Loiseau, Ludovic
Massey, Andy
Health and Safety Executive
Miles, Benedict
Monrozies, Laurent
Newcombe, Andy
Poot, Anton
Reeves, Graham L.
Dow AgroSciences
Reichenberger, Stefan
knoell Germany GmbH
Rosenbom, Annette E.
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS)
Staudenmaier, Horst
Sur, Robin
Bayer CropScience AG
Schwen, Andreas
AGES - Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety Ltd
Stemmer, Michael
AGES - Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety Ltd
Tüting, Wiebke
Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (BVL)
Ulrich, Uta
University of Kiel
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Associated SLU-program

Non-toxic environment
SLU Network Plant Protection

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG6 Clean water
SDG15 Life on land

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

Publication Identifiers


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