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Review article2023Peer reviewedOpen access

How genomics can help biodiversity conservation

Theissinger, Kathrin; Fernandes, Carlos; Formenti, Giulio; Bista, Iliana; Berg, Paul R.; Bleidorn, Christoph; Bombarely, Aureliano; Crottini, Angelica; Gallo, Guido R.; Godoy, Jose A.; Jentoft, Sissel; Malukiewicz, Joanna; Mouton, Alice; Oomen, Rebekah A.; Paez, Sadye; Palsboll, Per J.; Pampoulie, Christophe; Ruiz-Lopez, Maria J.; Secomandi, Simona; Svardal, Hannes; Theofanopoulou, Constantina; de Vries, Jan; Waldvogel, Ann-Marie; Zhang, Guojie; Jarvis, Erich D.; Balint, Miklos; Ciofi, Claudio; Waterhouse, Robert M.; Mazzoni, Camila J.; Hoglund, Jacob; et al.
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Abstract

The availability of public genomic resources can greatly assist biodiversity assessment, conservation, and restoration efforts by providing evidence for scientifically informed management decisions. Here we survey the main approaches and applications in biodiversity and conservation genomics, considering practical factors, such as cost, time, prerequisite skills, and current shortcomings of applications. Most approaches perform best in combination with reference genomes from the target species or closely related species. We review case studies to illustrate how reference genomes can facilitate biodiversity research and conservation across the tree of life. We conclude that the time is ripe to view reference genomes as fundamental resources and to integrate their use as a best practice in conservation genomics.

Keywords

Anthropocene; biodiversity genomics; genomic toolbox; reference genomes; conservation applications; European Reference Genome Atlas (ERGA)

Published in

Trends in Genetics
2023, Volume: 39, number: 7, pages: 545-559

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Genetics
    Ecology

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tig.2023.01.005

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/123797