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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2018

Scientific Opinion about the Guidance of the Chemical Regulation Directorate (UK) on how aged sorption studies for pesticides should be conducted, analysed and used in regulatory assessments

Ockleford, Colin; Hernandez‐Jerez, Antonio F.; Hougaard Bennekou, Susanne; Klein, Michael; Adriaanse, Thomas Paulien; Berny, Philippe; Brock, Theodorus; Duquesne, Sabine; Grilli, Sandro; Kuhl, Thomas; Laskowski, Ryszard; Machera, Kyriaki; Pelkonen, Olavi; Pieper, Silvia; Stemmer, Michael; Sundh, Ingvar; Teodorovic, Ivana; Topping, Christopher J.; Wolterink, Gerrit; Smith, Robert H.; Gimsing, Anne Louise; Kasteel, Roy; Boivin, Arnaud; van der Linden, Ton; Oriol Magrans, Jose; Egsmose, Mark; Tiktak, Aaldrik
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Abstract

The EFSA Panelon Plant Protection Products and their Residues reviewed the guidance on how aged sorption studies for pesticides should be conducted, analysed and used in regulatory assessment. The inclusion of aged sorption is a higher tier in the groundwater leaching assessment. The Panelbased its review on a test with three substances taken from a data set provided by the European Crop Protection Association. Particular points of attention were the quality of the data provided, the proposed fitting procedure of aged sorption experiments and the proposed method for combining results obtained from aged sorption studies and lower-tier studies on degradation and adsorption. Aged sorption was a relevant process in all cases studied. The test revealed that the guidance could generally be well applied and resulted in robust and plausible results. The Panelconsiders the guidance suitable for use in the groundwater leaching assessment after the recommendations in this Scientific Opinion have been implemented, with the exception of the use of field data to derive aged sorption parameters. The Panelnoted that the draft guidance could only be used by experienced users because there is no software tool that fully supports the work flow in the guidance document. It is therefore recommended that a user-friendly software tool be developed. Aged sorption lowered the predicted concentration in groundwater. However, because aged sorption experiments may be conducted in different soils than lower-tier degradation and adsorption experiments, it cannot be guaranteed that the higher tier predicts lower concentrations than the lower tier, while lower tiers should be more conservative than higher tiers. To mitigate this problem, the Panelrecommends using all available higher- and lower-tier data in the leaching assessment. The Panelfurther recommends that aged sorption parameters for metabolites be derived only from metabolite-dosed studies. The formation fraction can be derived from parent-dosed degradation studies, provided that the parent and metabolite are fitted with the best-fit model, which is the double first-order in parallel model in the case of aged sorption.

Keywords

plant protection products; aged sorption; guidance; modelling; leaching; review

Published in

EFSA Journal
2018, Volume: 16, number: 8, article number: 5382

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

    Publication Identifiers

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5382

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/98611