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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Individuals and Multilevel Management: A Study of the Perceived Adaptive Capacity of the Goose Management System among Farmers in Sweden

Eriksson, Louise; Johansson, Maria; Mansson, Johan; Redpath, Steve M.; Sandstrom, Camilla; Elmberg, Johan


Agricultural damage by geese is a growing problem in Europe and farmers play a key role in the emerging multilevel adaptive management system. This study explored how characteristics associated with the farmer and the farm, along with experience of damage, cognitive appraisals, emotions, and management beliefs were associated with the perceived adaptive capacity of the goose management system among farmers in the south of Sweden (n = 1,067). Survey results revealed that owning a larger farm, a farm closer to water or formally protected areas, along with cultivating cereal and root crops, were associated with geese evoking stronger negative emotions. Further, more previous experience of damage was related to stronger negative emotions and lower levels of perceived adaptive capacity. However, even more important determinants of perceived adaptive capacity were cognitive appraisals, emotions, and management beliefs. Bridging the ties between individual farmers and the system is important for improved multilevel management.


Cognitive appraisals; emotions; farmers; management beliefs; perceived adaptive capacity; wildlife damage

Published in

Society and Natural Resources
2022, volume: 35, number: 1, pages: 1-19

Authors' information

Eriksson, Louise
Umea University
Johansson, Maria
Lund University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Redpath, Steve M.
University of Aberdeen
Sandstrom, Camilla
Umea University
Elmberg, Johan
Kristianstad University

UKÄ Subject classification

Agricultural Science

Publication Identifiers


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