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Research article2022Peer reviewedOpen access

Multiple factors shape the interaction of people with urban greenspace: Sweden as a case study

Elbakidze, Marine; Dawson, Lucas; Milberg, Per; Mikusinski, Grzegorz; Hedblom, Marcus; Kruhlov, Ivan; Yamelynets, Taras; Schaffer, Christina; Johansson, Karl-Eric; Grodzynskyi, Mykhailo


This study identifies and analyses multiple factors that impact people's interactions with urban greenspace in Sweden. An unrestricted, self-selected online survey was used to collect the data. The survey questions were related to individual characteristics of respondents, including socio-demographic characteristics, self-reported nature connectedness, and self-reported constraints to greenspace usage; perceived characteristics of urban greenspace, including its availability, quality, and accessibility, and benefits and problems; and preferences of respondents regarding types of urban greenspace and activities. Additionally, several spatially explicit variables were included in the analysis. A total of 2806 respondents from 208 (of 290) municipalities completed the survey. Our findings indicate that greenspace users are highly heterogeneous and utilise diverse green spaces along the urban-peri-urban gradient for various benefits. The statistical analyses identified 61 explanatory variables that affect the frequency of interactions with urban greenspace. In addition, we identify key factors that shape critical differences between frequent and infrequent urban users, such as nature connectedness, perceptions of urban greenspace functions, and their perceived accessibility. Our results highlight the complex challenge facing urban planners and managers of green spaces, who have to consider and integrate a vast array of factors influencing the willingness of increasingly diverse urban populations to interact with greenspace.


Preferences for urban greenspace; Perceptions of urban greenspace; Individual; characteristics of greenspace users; Frequent users; Urban green planning

Published in

Urban Forestry and Urban Greening
2022, Volume: 74, article number: 127672