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Book chapter2023Peer reviewedOpen access

Living Trees and Biodiversity

Hämäläinen, Aino; Runnel, Kadri; Mikusinski, Grzegorz; Himelbrant, Dmitry; Fenton, Nicole J.; Lõhmus, Piret


Living trees are fundamental for boreal forest biodiversity. They contribute to stand structural diversity, which determines the range of habitat niches available for forest-dwelling species. Specific characteristics of living trees, such as species, age, and presence of microhabitats, determine how species utilize trees for food, as nesting places, or as growing substrates. This chapter explores the associations between living trees and aboveground biodiversity, reviews the factors such as soil productivity, hydrological regime, stand successional stage, and forestry activities that influence the characteristics of living trees and stand structural diversity, and presents the consequences of current and future climate change on boreal biodiversity.

Published in

Advances in Global Change Research
2023, number: 74, pages: 145-166 Title: Boreal Forests in the Face of Climate Change : Sustainable Management
ISBN: 978-3-031-15987-9, eISBN: 978-3-031-15988-6Publisher: Springer