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Research article2017Peer reviewed

Soil-surface CO2 flux during the first 2 years after stump harvesting and site preparation in 14 Swedish forests

Strömgren, Monika; Mjöfors, Kristina; Olsson, Bengt

Abstract

Stumps are a source of renewable energy (bioenergy) that can mitigate climate change. We aimed to determine whether conclusions from recent studies could be generalized for other sites by monitoring the in situ soil respiration (R-s) by a portable soil-respiration system of 14 clear-cut experimental sites during the first 2 years after stump extraction and site preparation. The sites were established all over Sweden in 2013 and 2014 and were subjected to no disturbance (Control), patch scarification (PatchS), disc trenching (DiscT), and stump harvesting (StumpH). During year 1, R-s from sites treated with PatchS and StumpH were 11% and 13% lower than R-s from Control sites. DiscT-treated sites were apt to produce lower R-s than the Control (-9%, p=.09). In the second year, there were no significant differences in R-s between treatments, as no soil disturbance type occurring after stump harvest and site preparation had higher R-s than untreated, intact soil. Our results suggest that soil disturbances resulting from stump harvest and site preparation do not generally increase R-s and thus, from this perspective, provide support for the use of stumps for bioenergy.

Keywords

Stump extraction; patch scarification; disc trenching; carbon balance; bioenergy; soil respiration

Published in

Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
2017, Volume: 32, number: 3, pages: 213-221
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS AS

      SLU Authors

      • Sustainable Development Goals

        SDG7 Affordable and clean energy
        SDG13 Climate action

        UKÄ Subject classification

        Ecology
        Forest Science
        Soil Science

        Publication identifier

        DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2016.1221993

        Permanent link to this page (URI)

        https://res.slu.se/id/publ/80822