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Review article2017Peer reviewedOpen access

Decision Support Tools and Strategies to Simulate Forest Landscape Evolutions Integrating Forest Owner Behaviour: A Review from the Case Studies of the European Project, INTEGRAL

Orazio, Christophe; Montoya, Rebeca Cordero; Regolini, Margot; Borges, Jose G.; Garcia-Gonzalo, Jordi; Barreiro, Susana; Botequim, Brigite; Marques, Susete; Sedmak, Robert; Smrecek, Robert; Brodrechtova, Yvonne; Brukas, Vilis; Chirici, Gherardo; Marchetti, Marco; Moshammer, Ralf; Biber, Peter; Corrigan, Edwin; Eriksson, Ljusk Ola; Favero, Matteo; Galev, Emil;
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For forest sustainability and vulnerability assessment, the landscape scale is considered to be more and more relevant as the stand level approaches its known limitations. This review, which describes the main forest landscape simulation tools used in the 20 European case studies of the European project "Future-oriented integrated management of European forest landscapes" (INTEGRAL), gives an update on existing decision support tools to run landscape simulation from Mediterranean to boreal ecosystems. The main growth models and software available in Europe are described, and the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches are discussed. Trades-offs between input efforts and output are illustrated. Recommendations for the selection of a forest landscape simulator are given. The paper concludes by describing the need to have tools that are able to cope with climate change and the need to build more robust indicators for assessment of forest landscape sustainability and vulnerability.


decision support system; forest landscape; indicators; sustainability; wood resource; risk evaluation; storm; fire; diseases; forest management; forest owner behaviour

Published in

2017, Volume: 9, number: 4, article number: 599
Publisher: MDPI AG