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Research article2020Peer reviewedOpen access

Exploring the genetics underpinning dynamic laryngeal collapse associated with poll flexion in Norwegian-Swedish Coldblooded Trotter racehorses

Velie, B. D.; Smith, P. M.; Fjordbakk, C. T.; Sole, M.; Fegraeus, K. Jaderkvist; Rosengren, M. K.; Roed, K. H.; Ihler, C. F.; Lindgren, G.; Strand, E.


Background Dynamic laryngeal collapse (DLC) associated with poll flexion is the most common disorder of the upper respiratory tract (URT) in the Norwegian-Swedish Coldblooded Trotter (NSCT). The disorder, which has also been diagnosed in other breeds of trotters and gaited horses, appears to be related to anatomic phenotypes and only occurs during poll flexion when the horse is exercised 'on the bit'. Objectives Identify genomic regions associated with DLC in the NSCT by combining a rigorous phenotyping protocol with genomic data from a high-density equine genotyping array. Study design Prospective case/control study. Methods High-speed treadmill endoscopy was used to phenotype horses (n = 61) for DLC, distinguishing between cases and controls. Genome-wide association (GWA) analysis of DLC status was then performed using a principal component approach (PCA) with haplotype analyses subsequently performed for regions containing single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) above the suggestive genome-wide significance (GWS) threshold (P<1.0 x 10(-5)). Results One region containing 10 SNPs (Equus caballus chromosome [ECA] 7: 89,601,935-94,647,192) was above the suggestive GWS threshold. Two inferred haplotypes in this region demonstrated significant differences (P<0.001) between cases and controls, with the most frequent haplotype resulting in a significantly increased risk of DLC. Main limitations Small sample size as a result of stringent phenotyping protocols. Conclusions The current study highlights a candidate genomic region on ECA7 as potentially important with regard to the manifestation of DLC. Further exploration of this region and the genes included within it will bring veterinarians and researchers closer to fully understanding the biological mechanisms underlying DLC in horses.


horse; genomic; harness racing; performance; upper respiratory tract disorder

Published in

Equine Veterinary Journal
2020, Volume: 52, number: 2, pages: 174-180
Publisher: WILEY