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Forskningsartikel2020Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Cardiovascular and cancer mortality in relation to dietary polychlorinated biphenyls and marine polyunsaturated fatty acids: a nutritional-toxicological aspect of fish consumption

Donat-Vargas, C.; Bellavia, A.; Berglund, M.; Glynn, A.; Wolk, A.; Akesson, A.

Sammanfattning

Background Co-exposure to environmental contaminants present in fish could mitigate the beneficial effects of fish consumption and possibly explain the lack of association observed for mortality in some geographical regions. Objective To assess the independent associations of dietary exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and long-chain omega-3 fish fatty acids intake with cardiovascular and cancer mortality. Methods We used the prospective population-based Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men comprising 32 952 women and 36 545 men, free from cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes at baseline in 1998. Validated estimates of dietary PCBs and long-chain omega-3 fish fatty acids [i.e. eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] intake were obtained via a food frequency questionnaire at baseline. Information on death was ascertained through register linkage. Results During a mean follow-up of 15.5 years, we ascertained 16 776 deaths. We observed for cardiovascular mortality, comparing extreme quintiles in multivariable models mutually adjusted for PCBs and EPA-DHA, dose-dependent associations for dietary PCB exposure, hazard ratio (HR) 1.31 (CI 95%: 1.08 to 1.57; P-trend 0.005) and for dietary EPA-DHA intake, HR 0.79 (CI 95%: 0.66 to 0.95; P-trend 0.041). For cancer mortality, no clear associations were discerned. Conclusion The beneficial effect of fish consumption on the cardiovascular system seems compromised by co-exposure to PCBs - one likely explanation for the inconsistent associations observed between fish consumption and mortality.

Nyckelord

all-cause mortality; long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs); nutritional epidemiology; polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); specific mortality

Publicerad i

Journal of Internal Medicine
2020, Volym: 287, nummer: 2, sidor: 197-209
Utgivare: WILEY

    Globala målen

    SDG3 God hälsa och välbefinnande

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Näringslära

    Publikationens identifierare

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/joim.12995

    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/102747