Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Extrusion of Porous Protein-Based Polymers and Their Liquid Absorption Characteristics

Capezza, Antonio J.; Robert, Eva; Lundman, Malin; Newson, William R.; Johansson, Eva; Hedenqvist, Mikael S.; Olsson, Richard T.

Abstract

The production of porous wheat gluten (WG) absorbent materials by means of extrusion processing is presented for the future development of sustainable superabsorbent polymers (SAPs). Different temperatures, formulations, and WG compositions were used to determine a useful protocol that provides the best combination of porosity and water swelling properties. The most optimal formulation was based on 50 wt.% WG in water that was processed at 80 degrees C as a mixture, which provided a porous core structure with a denser outer shell. As a green foaming agent, food-grade sodium bicarbonate was added during the processing, which allowed the formation of a more open porous material. This extruded WG material was able to swell 280% in water and, due to the open-cell structure, 28% with non-polar limonene. The results are paving the way towards production of porous bio macromolecular structures with high polar/non-polar liquid uptake, using extrusion as a solvent free and energy efficient production technique without toxic reagents.

Keywords

wheat gluten; protein; extrusion; sustainability; absorbents; porosity; circularity

Published in

Polymers
2020, volume: 12, number: 2, article number: 459

Authors' information

Capezza Villa, Antonio José (Capezza Villa, Antonio José)
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Capezza Villa, Antonio José (Capezza Villa, Antonio José)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Robert, Eva
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Lundman, Malin
Essity Hygiene and Health
Newson, William Roy (Newson, William)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Hedenqvist, Mikael S.
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Olsson, Richard T.
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

UKÄ Subject classification

Other Chemical Engineering
Other Materials Engineering

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12020459

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/104467