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Forskningsartikel2020Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

A simulation-based approach to a near-optimal thinning strategy: allowing harvesting times to be determined for individual trees

Fransson, Peter; Franklin, Oskar; Lindroos, Ola; Nilsson, Urban; Braennstroem, Ake


As various methods for precision inventories, including light detection and ranging (LiDAR), are becoming increasingly common in forestry, planning at the individual-tree level is becoming more viable. In this study, we present a method for finding the optimal thinning times for individual trees from an economic perspective. The method utilizes a forest growth model based on individual trees that has been fitted to Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) stands in northern Sweden. We find that the optimal management strategy is to thin from above (i.e., harvesting trees that are larger than average). We compare our optimal strategy with a conventional management strategy and find that the optimal strategy results in approximately 20% higher land expectation value. Furthermore, we find that for the optimal strategy, increasing the discount rate will reduce the final harvest age and increase the basal area reduction. Decreasing the cost to initiate a thinning (e.g., machinery-related transportation costs) increases the number of thinnings and delays the first thinning.


forest management; optimization; precision forestry; simulation; thinning

Publicerad i

Canadian Journal of Forest Research
2020, Volym: 50, nummer: 3, sidor: 320-331 Utgivare: CANADIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING