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Research article2020Peer reviewedOpen access

Side Streams of Broccoli Leaves: A Climate Smart and Healthy Food Ingredient

Berndtsson, Emilia; Andersson, Roger; Johansson, Eva; Olsson, Marie E.


Human consumption of fruits and vegetables are generally below recommended levels. Waste from the production, e.g., of un-used parts such as broccoli leaves and stem when producing broccoli florets for food, is a sustainability issue. In this study, broccoli leaves were analyzed for the content of various dietary fibre and phenolics, applying the Uppsala method and HPLC analyses, respectively. The results showed that broccoli leaves had comparable levels of dietary fibre (26%-32% of dry weight (DW)) and phenolic compounds (6.3-15.2 mg/g DW) to many other food and vegetables considered valuable in the human diet from a health perspective. A significant positive correlation was found among soluble dietary fibre and phenolic acids indicating possible bindings between these components. Seasonal variations affected mainly the content of conjugated phenolics, and the content of insoluble dietary fibre. This study verified the importance of the use of broccoli production side streams (leaves) as they may contribute with health promoting components to the human diet and also socio-economic and environmental benefits to the bioeconomic development in the society.


broccoli; dietary fiber; gut microbiota; health; leaves; phenolic compounds; side steams

Published in

International journal of environmental research and public health
2020, Volume: 17, number: 7, article number: 2406