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Översiktsartikel2020Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

An ecological future for weed science to sustain crop production and the environment. A review

MacLaren, Chloe; Storkey, Jonathan; Menegat, Alexander; Metcalfe, Helen; Dehnen-Schmutz, Katharina

Sammanfattning

Sustainable strategies for managing weeds are critical to meeting agriculture's potential to feed the world's population while conserving the ecosystems and biodiversity on which we depend. The dominant paradigm of weed management in developed countries is currently founded on the two principal tools of herbicides and tillage to remove weeds. However, evidence of negative environmental impacts from both tools is growing, and herbicide resistance is increasingly prevalent. These challenges emerge from a lack of attention to how weeds interact with and are regulated by the agroecosystem as a whole. Novel technological tools proposed for weed control, such as new herbicides, gene editing, and seed destructors, do not address these systemic challenges and thus are unlikely to provide truly sustainable solutions. Combining multiple tools and techniques in an Integrated Weed Management strategy is a step forward, but many integrated strategies still remain overly reliant on too few tools. In contrast, advances in weed ecology are revealing a wealth of options to manage weedsat the agroecosystem levelthat, rather than aiming to eradicate weeds, act to regulate populations to limit their negative impacts while conserving diversity. Here, we review the current state of knowledge in weed ecology and identify how this can be translated into practical weed management. The major points are the following: (1) the diversity and type of crops, management actions and limiting resources can be manipulated to limit weed competitiveness while promoting weed diversity; (2) in contrast to technological tools, ecological approaches to weed management tend to be synergistic with other agroecosystem functions; and (3) there are many existing practices compatible with this approach that could be integrated into current systems, alongside new options to explore. Overall, this review demonstrates that integrating systems-level ecological thinking into agronomic decision-making offers the best route to achieving sustainable weed management.

Nyckelord

Ecological weed management; Sustainability; Agroecosystems; Weed diversity; Weed community; Weed-crop competition

Publicerad i

Agronomy for Sustainable Development
2020, Volym: 40, nummer: 4, artikelnummer: 24
Utgivare: SPRINGER FRANCE

    Associerade SLU-program

    SLU Nätverk växtskydd

    Globala målen

    SDG2 Avskaffa hunger, uppnå tryggad livsmedelsförsörjning och förbättrad nutrition samt främja ett hållbart jordbruk
    SDG12 Säkerställa hållbara konsumtions- och produktionsmönster
    SDG17 Stärka genomförandemedlen och återvitalisera det globala partnerskapet för hållbar utveckling
    SDG15 Skydda, återställa och främja ett hållbart nyttjande av landbaserade ekosystem, hållbart bruka skogar, bekämpa ökenspridning, hejda och vrida tillbaka markförstöringen samt hejda förlusten av biologisk mångfald

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Ekologi
    Jordbruksvetenskap

    Publikationens identifierare

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-020-00631-6

    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/107004