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Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2020

Reduction of Pesticide Toxicity Under Field-Relevant Conditions? The Interaction of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles, Ultraviolet, and Natural Organic Matter

Luederwald, Simon; Meyer, Frederik; Gerstle, Verena; Friedrichs, Lisa; Rolfing, Katrin; Schreiner, Verena C.; Bakanov, Nikita; Schulz, Ralf; Bundschuh, Mirco

Sammanfattning

In surface waters, the illumination of photoactive engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) with ultraviolet (UV) light triggers the formation of reactive intermediates, consequently altering the ecotoxicological potential of co-occurring organic micropollutants including pesticides due to catalytic degradation. Simultaneously, omnipresent natural organic matter (NOM) adsorbs onto ENM surfaces, altering the ENM surface properties. Also, NOM absorbs light, reducing the photo(cata)lytic transformation of pesticides. Interactions between these environmental factors impact 1) directly the ecotoxicity of photoactive ENMs, and 2) indirectly the degradation of pesticides. We assessed the impact of field-relevant UV radiation (up to 2.6 W UVA/m(2)), NOM (4 mg TOC/L), and photoactive ENM (nTiO(2), 50 mu g/L) on the acute toxicity of 6 pesticides inDaphnia magna. We selected azoxystrobin, dimethoate, malathion, parathion, permethrin, and pirimicarb because of their varying photo- and hydrolytic stabilities. Increasing UVA alone partially reduced pesticide toxicity, seemingly due to enhanced degradation. Even at 50 mu g/L, nano-sized titanium dioxide (nTiO(2)) reduced but also increased pesticide toxicity (depending on the applied pesticide), which is attributable to 1) more efficient degradation and potentially 2) photocatalytically induced formation of toxic by-products. Natural organic matter 1) partially reduced pesticide toxicity, not evidently accompanied by enhanced pesticide degradation, but also 2) inhibited pesticide degradation, effectively increasing the pesticide toxicity. Predicting the ecotoxicological potential of pesticides based on their interaction with UV light or interaction with NOM was hardly possible, which was even more difficult in the presence of nTiO(2). (c) 2020 The Authors.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistrypublished by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of SETAC.

Nyckelord

Photolysis; Photocatalysis; Titanium dioxide; Pesticide; UV radiation; Natural organic matter

Publicerad i

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
2020, Volym: 39, nummer: 11, sidor: 2237-2246
Utgivare: WILEY

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Environmental Sciences

    Publikationens identifierare

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4851

    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/108133