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Research article2020Peer reviewedOpen access

New transcriptome-based SNP markers for noug (Guizotia abyssinica) and their conversion to KASP markers for population genetics analyses

Tsehay, Sewalem; Ortiz, Rodomiro; Johansson, Eva; Bekele, Endashaw; Tesfaye, Kassahun; Hammenhag, Cecilia; Geleta, Mulatu


The development and use of genomic resources are essential for understanding the population genetics of crops for their efficient conservation and enhancement. Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) is an economically important oilseed crop in Ethiopia and India. The present study sought to develop new DNA markers for this crop. Transcriptome sequencing was conducted on two genotypes and 628 transcript sequences containing 959 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were developed. A competitive allele-specific PCR (KASP) assay was developed for the SNPs and used for genotyping of 24 accessions. A total of 554 loci were successfully genotyped across the accessions, and 202 polymorphic loci were used for population genetics analyses. Polymorphism information content (PIC) of the loci varied from 0.01 to 0.37 with a mean of 0.24, and about 49% of the loci showed significant deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The mean expected heterozygosity was 0.27 suggesting moderately high genetic variation within accessions. Low but significant differentiation existed among accessions (FST = 0.045, p < 0.0001). Landrace populations from isolated areas may have useful mutations and should be conserved and used in breeding this crop. The genomic resources developed in this study were shown to be useful for population genetics research and can also be used in, e.g., association genetics.


genetic diversity; genotyping; Guizotia; Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; heterozygosity; KASP markers; noug; population structure; SNPs; transcriptome

Published in

2020, Volume: 11, number: 11, article number: 1373