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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 73, Revision 5 (FGE.73Rev5): consideration of acyclic alcohols, aldehydes, acids and related esters evaluated by JECFA (59th, 63rd and 86th meeting) structurally related to substances evaluated in FGE.12Rev5

Younes, Maged; Aquilina, Gabriele; Castle, Laurence; Engel, Karl‐Heinz; Fowler, Paul; Frutos Fernandez, Maria Jose; Fürst, Peter; Gundert‐Remy, Ursula; Gürtler, Rainer; Husøy, Trine; Moldeus, Peter; Oskarsson, Agneta; Shah, Romina; Waalkens‐Berendsen, Ine; Wölfe, Detlef; Benigni, Romualdo; Bolognesi, Claudia; Chipman, Kevin; Cordelli, Eugenia; Degen, Gisela;
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Abstract

The EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings was requested to evaluate 24 flavouring substances assigned to the Flavouring Group Evaluation 73 (FGE.73), using the Procedure as outlined in the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000. Twenty‐three substances have already been considered in FGE.73 and its four revisions ([FL‐no: 02.114, 02.141, 05.098, 05.112, 08.067, 09.289, 09.488, 09.534, 09.615, 05.119, 05.123, 08.034, 08.060, 09.028, 09.536, 05.104, 09.034, 09.712, 09.305, 02.060, 02.091, 09.278, 09.302]). The remaining substance myrtenal [FL‐no: 05.106] has been cleared with respect to genotoxicity in FGE.208Rev3 and is considered in this revision 5 of FGE.73. The substances were evaluated through a stepwise approach that integrates information on the structure–activity relationships, intake from current uses, toxicological threshold of concern (TTC), and available data on metabolism and toxicity. The Panel concluded that none of these 24 substances gives rise to safety concerns at their levels of dietary intake, estimated on the basis of the ‘Maximised Survey‐derived Daily Intake’ (MSDI) approach. Besides the safety assessment of the flavouring substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have also been considered and found adequate for 23 substances. For [FL‐no: 09.278], the stereoisomeric composition is not specified. For two substances [FL‐no: 09.034, and 09.712], the modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI) estimates are above the TTC for their structural class (I). For 17 substances evaluated through the Procedure, no normal and maximum use levels are available. Therefore, for these 19 substances, more detailed data on uses and use levels should be provided in order to refine their exposure assessments and to finalise their safety evaluations.

Keywords

Flavourings; Myrtenal; a,b-unsaturated carbonyls; FGE.73 Rev4; JECFA

Published in

EFSA Journal

2020, volume: 18, number: 1, article number: e05970

Authors' information

Younes, Maged
No organisation
Aquilina, Gabriele
No organisation
Castle, Laurence
No organisation
Engel, Karl‐Heinz
No organisation
Fowler, Paul
No organisation
Frutos Fernandez, Maria Jose
No organisation
Fürst, Peter
No organisation
Gundert‐Remy, Ursula
No organisation
Gürtler, Rainer
No organisation
Husøy, Trine
No organisation
Moldeus, Peter
No organisation
Shah, Romina
No organisation
Waalkens‐Berendsen, Ine
No organisation
Wölfe, Detlef
No organisation
Benigni, Romualdo
No organisation
Bolognesi, Claudia
No organisation
Chipman, Kevin
No organisation
Cordelli, Eugenia
No organisation
Degen, Gisela
No organisation
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UKÄ Subject classification

Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Food Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.5970

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/110060