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Forskningsartikel2021Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Plant mitochondria and chloroplasts are targeted by the Rhizoctonia solani RsCRP1 effector

Tzelepis, Georgios; Doelfors, Fredrik; Holmquist, Louise; Dixelius, Christina

Sammanfattning

The fungal species Rhizoctonia solani belongs to the Basidiomycota division and is a ubiquitous soil-borne pathogen. It is the main agent of the damping-off disease in seedlings and causes the root and crown rot disease in sugar beets. Plant pathogens deploy small secreted proteins, called effectors, to manipulate plant immunity in order to infect the host. Here, a gene (RsCRP1) encoded a putative effector cysteine-rich protein was cloned, expressed in Cercospora beticola and used for virulence assays. The RsCRP1 gene was highly induced upon the early-infection stage of sugar beet seedlings and disease was promoted. Confocal microscopy demonstrated localization to the chloroplasts and mitochondria upon transient expression of RsCRP1 in leaves of Nicotiana benthamiana. Further, this effector was unable to induce necrosis or to suppress hypersensitive response induced by the Avr4/Cf4 complex in N. benthamiana. Overall, these data indicate that RsCRP1 is a novel effector targeting distinct plant cell organelles in order to facilitate a successful infection at the early stages of the disease development. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Nyckelord

Basidiomycete; Chloroplast; Effector; Mitochondria; Soilborne pathogen

Publicerad i

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
2021, Volym: 544, sidor: 86-90 Utgivare: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE